give sb.sth=give sth.to sb.给某人某物,give in投降,

give up doing sth放弃, give out 分发,

give a way to对...让步, on the earth在地球上,

both....and既....又..... 就近原则 neither....nor既不....又不,就近原则

either...or要么....要么.there be, not only...but also就近原则,,

may be可能是. maybe=perhaps大概,也许

In addition to ..除...以外(还有) =besides, but
除..之外,,常与否定意义词连用,当but前有do时but后接原形, except,除....之外(不包括)

on holiday度假, of course=,sure当然

all types of呼种, part time job,一份兼职工作

on one's own独自, be led by由....带领

MODULE 6 过去进行时

用法:1.表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或正存在的状态,一般常和at that time, at 点yesterday, then, last
night,this time yesterday ,the whole morning,when I arrived 等特定的过去时间连用。


结构:was /were +V-ing

go on继续, go on doing sth继续做某事(同一件事),

go on to do sth继续做某事(另一件事),

go on with sth继续做同一件事,但中间暂停过,

How is it going ?=How are you getting on /along?近况如何?

by the river,在河边

at this time yesterday昨天 的这个时候, in a tree=in the tree ,在树上(外来物)

on a tree =on the tree,在树上,(树本身的) smile at sb. 朝着某人微笑,

laugh at sb.嘲笑某人 fall into ,掉进,跌入

fall off掉下来, fall behind ,落后,跟不上

fall in love with,爱上 be careful,小心

by mistake由于出错 at that /this time在那/这时

have nothing to do没事可做, nothing strange没什么奇怪的,

take sth. out of ....把...从...拿出来, happen to do sth.碰巧做某事

感官动词see ,hear ,watch,feel

under th hedge在树篱下面, go down下去,

think about考虑, think of想起,认为,

think over仔细考虑, think out,想出

think hard,努力想,努力思考 What happened to sb.?某人发生了什么事?

be on上演, go off熄灭,停,


not ...until直到....才......(主句中常用非延续性动词)


something wrong with...,出了毛病, lie in bed 躺在床上,

jump out of从...跳出来,on one's way to someplace,在某人去某地的路上

on one's way home在某人回家的路上,from ....to,从...到....(动词+Ving)

when,while ,as的区别 当...时候




wear out穿坏,穿旧,用坏, cheer up 使振奋;使兴奋,

follow one's advice听从某人的建议, look into向...的里面看,

stop to do sth. 停下做另一件事 stop doing sth.停止做某事

stop ...from doing sth.阻止....做某事, what kind哪种,

a kind of一种, all kinds of =different kinds of 各种各样的,

kind of =a bit=a little有点, walk along沿着....走,

by mistake错误地,无意地, by oneself单独,独立地,

by the way,顺便说 墙的表面用on,墙的内部用in

have something to do有事可做,have something to eat有可吃的东西,

have nothing to drink没有什么喝的东西 feel tired感到疲劳

no one,一般不与of连用,动词用单数,只指人,一般用来回答who

none ,可与of连用,动词可用单数或复数,指人或物,回答how many /how much引导的问句,以及含any+n 的一般问句


without doing sth.没做, be tired=get tired累了,

during the day一整天,



2.主+谓+间宾+直宾 将间接宾语变作主语,谓语变成被动语态,直接宾语不变.

3主+谓+直宾+间宾+to或for 将直变主,将谓变被告,其余不变.by原主


5.主+谓+宾+宾补(let,see,make ,hear,watch ,feel, help, notice,observe,look at

to )变为被动时,后加to

6.主+短语动词+宾语, 宾作主,短变被,其余不变,by原主.

7.带有be going to,be about to ,be to ,have to ,used to ,be supposed to ,be
sure to




1. Why don’t you get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢?

get sb. sth. for … 为了… 给某人买某物

= get sth. to sb. for…

注意:当sth. 是代词时,不可使用第二种用法。

2. That’s not interesting enough. 那不够有趣。

enough有两种词性:当它用来修饰形容词、副词时,作为副词,应放在所修饰的词之后,如上句;当它用来修饰名词时,应放在名词之后,如:I don’t
have enough time to spend with her.

3. What’s the best gift (that) Joe has ever received? Joe曾经受到的的礼物


4. What a lucky guy! 幸运的家伙!

5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child.

6. Dogs are too difficult to take care of. 狗很难照料。

7. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig.
近来最流行的宠物是大腹便便的猪。X kb1.com

8. Life with a pig isn’t always perfect. 和一只猪在一起生活并不总是完美的。

9. Now she’s too big to sleep in the house. 现在她太大了不能睡在屋子里。

too… to …:太…以致于不能…

= so… that 主语 can’t ….

e.g. He is too young to go to school.

= He is so young that he can’t go to school.

= He isn’t old enough to go to school.

= He is very young and he can’t go to school.


The digital camera is so expensive that we can’t buy it.

= The digital camera is too expensive for us to buy.

= The digital camera isn’t cheap enough for us to buy.

= The digital camera is very expensive and we can’t buy it.

10. My shoes were really cheap. They only cost $5. 我的鞋子真的很便宜。只要花5美圆。




spend :花费(时间、金钱)主语为人。


1. Why don’t you get her a scarf?

= Why not get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢?

How/What about doing sth.? 做…怎么样呢?

How/What about + (a/an) + n.? …怎么样呢?

2. Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)…?

= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)…好吗?


Unit 9


1. hear of 听说

hear from 收到…的消息/来信

2. take a ride 兜风

3. end up 结束

4. argue with sb. 与某人争吵

5. roller coaster 过山车

6. a flight attendant 一个机组乘务员

7. in fact 事实上

8. all over the world 全世界

9. think about 考虑

think of 想起;认为

10. rather than 宁可;而不是

11. neither…nor… 既不…也不…

12. three quarters of 四分之三

13. for example 举个例子

14. such as 例如

15. on the one hand,… on the other hand,…. 一方面…,另一方面…

16. be asleep 睡着(状态)

fall asleep 睡着(动作)


1. Have you ever been to a water park? 你曾经去过水上公园吗?

No, I haven’t. 不,我没有。

Me neither. = Neither/Nor have I. 我也没有。

这是一个否定的省略句。它的结构是“ Neither/Nor +
be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”。而用在肯定的省略句中时要使用so,它的结构是“So+ be动词/助动词/情态动词”。如:

-- I paid 20 yuan for this book.

-- So did I.

2. The roller coaster is themed with Disney characters.


3. The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same


4. It’s just so much fun in Disneyland.


5. It was because I could speak English that I got the job.


6. More than three quarters of the population are Chinese.


7. This is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose
to go whenever you like. 就因为这个岛是如此接近赤道。所以只要你愿意你任何时候都可以去。


1. 现在完成时

(1) 用法:动作到现在已经完成或刚刚完成;



(2) 基本结构:have/has + V.过去分词

(3) 时间状语:already, yet, just, ever, never, once, twice, so far, ever since,
for a long time, for + 一段时间, since + 过去的时间点/过去时的从句,等。

(4) 注意事项:

A. 现在完成时是现在的时态,重点表达目前的结果和状态;

B. 表示动作从过去开始持续到现在用for + 时间段, since +点时间连用。对for与since短语提问用how long。

C. 现在完成时从不与when引起的疑问句联用。

D. have been to:去过…

have gone to:去了…

have been in:呆在…

E. 短暂性动词变为延续性动词:

buy --- have had borrow --- have kept

join --- have been in / have been a member of

become --- have been a member make friends --- have been friends

die --- have been dead get to know --- have known

come/go to do --- have done catch a cold --- have had a cold

begin/start to do --- have done

begin / start --- have been on

enter / come / arrive / get to / reach --- have been in/at

go / leave for / set off / set out --- have been away from

2. since,for在现在完成(进行)时中的用法差异

(1) since 后接过去的时间点或一般过去时的从句。

He has been an English teacher since three years ago.

We have known each other since we came to study in this university.

(2) for后接时间段

He has lived here for three years.

3. 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别

现在完成时表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果,强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last
night, three weeks ago, in 1990等。


He has lived here since 1992. 1992年以来他一直住在这里。(他现在还住在这里)

He lived here in 1992. 1992年他住在这里。(并不涉及他现在是否住在这里)

Unit 10


1. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

2. look through 浏览

3. cross a busy street = go/walk across a busy street 穿过一条繁忙的街道

4. think of 想起、认为

5. come along 出现,发生

6. get along/on … with sb. 与某人相处的…

7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

8. have a birthday party 举办一个生日聚会

9. on Saturday night 在周六的晚上

10. at least 至少

11. at the school dining room 在学校的餐厅里


1. I hope so. 我希望如此。


Do you think it will rain this afternoon? 你认为下午会下雨吗?

I think/believe/suppose/hope/am afraid so. 我想/相信/猜/希望/恐怕会。


I don’t think so. 我不这么想。

I hope/suppose/am afraid not. 我希望/猜/恐怕不会这样。

2. How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衫多少钱?

3. I feel like part of the group now. 现在我感觉像是他们中的一员了。

4. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place.