人教版八年级英语下册知识点最新归纳

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2021-03-15

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人教版八年级英语下册知识点最新归纳插图

人教版八年级英语下册知识点归纳大全

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

重点:1. 情态动词should & shouldn’t 的用法;2. have + 疾病;3. 反身代词的用法。

难点:能询问并表述身体的种种不适以及对他人身体的种种不适给予适当的建议。 

知识点:

What’s the matter? 怎么了? What’s the matter with you? = What’s the trouble
with you? = What’s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

have a cold = catch a cold 感冒 have a stomachache 胃痛 have a sore + 部位 ??痛
lie down 躺下

take one’s temperature 量体温 have a fever 发烧 have a cough 咳嗽 take breaks
休息

get an X-ray 拍X光片 away from 远离

on the side of the road 在马路边 shout for help 大声呼救 get off 下车

to one’s surprise 出乎某人意料 thanks to 多亏;由于 in time 及时

right away 马上,立即

get into 陷入

get into trouble 陷入困境 have a toothache 牙痛 put one’s head down 低头 have a
nosebleed 流鼻血

put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎 get hit on the head 砸到头(注意v. + on the +
身体部位的表达方达) be interested in 对??感兴趣

There were many times when ? (when 引导的定语从句)

be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 take risks 冒险 because of 因为

in ? situation 处于??境地 run out 用光 get out of 逃离 of importance = important
(of + n. = adj.) be in control of 管理 make a decision 做决定

give up 放弃

Unit 2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks. 

重点&难点:1.
不定式作宾语、状语和宾补的用法;2. could表建议时的用法;3. 掌握短语:run out of, take after, fix up, give
away等;4. 学会用will和would like表达意愿。 

知识点:

clean up 清洁

Clean-Up Day 清洁日 city park 城市公园 cheer up 使振奋 give out 分发,散发

after-school study program 课外学习活动 put off 推迟

make a plan 制定计划 come up with 想出,提出 used to do 曾经 care for 照顾

at the age of 在??岁的时候 try out 参加??选拔

work for 为??工作,为??效力 dream come true 实现梦想 learn to do 学习做某事 put up 张贴 hand
out 分发

call up 呼吁,召集

volunteer one’s time to do 志愿花时间做某事

raise money 募捐 run out of 用光??

take after = be similar to 与??相似 fix up = repair 修理 give away 捐赠 set up
建立

disabled people 残疾人 a friend of mine 亲密朋友

be excited about 对??感到兴奋

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room? 

重点:学习并掌握could表提出请求和征求许可的用法,“Could
you please do sth.?”“Could I please do sth.?” 难点:用所学知识在实际的生活中委婉地表达自己的请求和征求许可。 

知识点:

do the dishes 洗碗

take out rubbish 扔垃圾 fold one’s clothes叠衣服 sweep the floor 扫地 make one’s
bed 铺床

clean the living room 打扫客厅 go out for dinner 出去吃饭 stay out late 在外面待到很晚 get
a ride 搭车 work on 从事

finish doing sth. 完成做某事

be enough for sb. 对某人来说是足够的 be enough to do sth. 做某事是足够的

be back from sw. 从??回去(来)

be back from doing sth. 做完某事回去(来) clean and tidy 干净整洁

come home from school / work 放学/下班回家

throw down 扔下 come over 过来

take ? for a walk 带??去散步 shout back 大声回应 in surprise 惊讶地

as soon as 一??就?? hang out 闲逛

pass sb. sth. 递给某人某物

lent sb. sth. 借给某人某物

borrow 借入 lent 借出

try not to do 尝试不做某事 get sth. wet 使某物变湿 do chores 干杂活

hate sth. / doing sth. / to do sth. 讨厌某物/做某事

help sb. with sth. / (to) do sth. 帮助某人(做)某事

a waste of time 浪费时间

spend one’s time on sth. / (in) doing sth. 花费时间在某物上/做某事 in order to 为了

get good grade 取得好成绩

get into a good university 考进好大学 no need for sb. to do sth. 不需要某人做某事

provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth. 提供某人某物

mind doing sth. 介意做某事 depend on 依赖

develop children’s independence 培养孩子的独立性

teach sb, how to do sth. 教会某人做某事 do one’s part in doing 做某人份内的事 look after
= take care of 照顾 as a result 结果

the + 比较级 ?, the + 比较级 越??越??、

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents? 

重点:1. 学习并掌握反问句 “Why don’t you do
sth.?”;2. 连词until, so that, although的运用。 难点: 知识点:

get enough sleep 有足够的睡眠 have time to do sth. 有时间做某事 allow sb. to do sth.
允许某人做某事 after-school class 补习班 get into 陷入

a fight with sb. 和某人有争执 What’s wrong? 哪儿不舒服? on the phone 在电话里头 call sb. up
打电话给某人 take sb. to sw. 带某人去某地 look through 快速查看

be angry with sb. 对某人生气 forget about sth. 忘记某事 a big deal 重要的事 work out
解决

get on with = get along with 和睦相处 if / whether 引导的选择条件句 hang over 悬挂

be nice to sb. 对某人好 refuse to do 拒绝做某事 instead的用法

whatever, whenever, wherever, however offer to help 提供帮助

proper communication 适当的沟通

communicate with 和??沟通 be better for sb. 对某人来说更好 make sth. clear 使某事清晰

be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事 along 单独的(表面上) lonely 孤独的(内心)

be busy on sth. 忙于做某事 come out 删除

compare sth. with sth. 拿??和??作比较

turn down 调低,调小

turn up 调高,调大

turn on 打开

turn off 关掉 in one’s opinion 以某人的观点

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

重点&难点:学习并掌握when和while引导的时间状语从句以及过去进行时的运用。

知识点:

atthe time of 在??的时候

on the street 在大街上

in the road 在马路上

at the bus stop 在公交车站

take a shower 洗澡

take a hot shower 洗热水澡

miss the bus 没赶上公交车,错过公交车 go off (闹钟)发出响声 pick up 接电话

put ? over ? 把??放置于??上方 make dinner 做晚饭

beat against sth. 拍打某物 at first 首先,一开始 fall asleep 入睡 die down 逐渐消失

break ? apart 使??分离 in a mess 一团糟 each other 互相 heavy rain 大雨 car wash
洗车

have a look 瞧一瞧 walk by 经过

make one’s way to 在某人去??的路上 You’re kidding. 你开玩笑吧。 be killed 被杀害(被动语态) in
silence 沉默 take down 摧毁

look out of the window 看向窗外 be shocked to do sth. 震惊于做某事 the rest of 剩余的??
point sth. out 指出某物 call out 喊出

have meaning to 对??有意义 the World Trade Center 世贸中心

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains.

重点:1. 连词unless, as soon as,
so … that的运用;2. 学习并掌握如何描述故事。 难点:用所学知识描述故事。 知识点:

work on sth. 致力于做某事 as soon as 一??就?? take sth. away 带走某物 a little bit
有一点??

show sb. that 展示给某人??

keep doing 继续做某事,保持做某事 instead of 代替 neitherof ??也不 most of 绝大多数的

the Monkey King 美猴王 in fact 事实上

look like 看起来像??

turn ? into ? 把??变为?? make a dress 穿衣服 fit sth. 适合某物 get married 结婚 think
of 考虑

once upon a time 从前 stepmother 继母

come with sb. 和某人一起来 along the way 沿途 shine bright 光芒万丈

lead sb. to 引导某人做某事 be made of 用??做成 get lost 迷失

Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?

重点:1. 大数目的写法和读法;2. 学习并掌握形容词和副词比较级变法的多条规则。

难点:1. 使用比较级来描述人的外貌;2. 使用比较级和数字来对现实中的事物进行比较。 知识点:

any other 任何其他的

no other 没有其他的

salt lake 咸水湖

have a population of 拥有??人口 Yangtze River 长江

feel free to do sth. 做某事感觉很自由 as you can see 正如你所看到 as far as I know 正如我所知
man-made 人造的 run along 跨越

take in air 呼吸空气

risk one’s life 冒着生命的危险 spirit of ??的精神

achieve one’s dream 实现梦想 the force of ??的力量 even though / even if 即使

weigh many times more than 比??重好几倍

prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去 fall over 摔倒
cut down 砍下 do research 做调查

protect ? from ? 保护??免受?? walk into sb. 撞到某人

endangered animal 濒危动物

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? 

重点:学习现在完成时以及yet,
already在现在完成时中的运用。

难点:yet, already在现在完成时中的运用(yet一般用于否定句和疑问句中,already用于肯定句中) 知识点: grow up
成长

the back of ??的背面 hurry up 抓紧,赶快 go out to sea 出海 in + 时间段 表将来 run towards
跑向 in the middle of ??的中间 left behind 遗忘 not yet 未曾

science fiction 科幻小说

can’t wait to do 迫不及待做某事 a bit + adj. 有点?? pop music 流行乐 used to do
曾经做某事

fight over ? with ? 为??和??争吵 belong to 属于 but not 而不是

introduce ? to ? 介绍??给?? bring sb. to sw. 带某人去某地 ever since then 自从那时起
trust one another互相信任

at the end of the day 一天结束的时候 come to realize 逐渐意识到

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?

重点:

1.学习并掌握ever, been,
never在现在完成时中的运用;

2. 掌握有关于“某人曾经去过某地”的交际用语。 

难点:

1. 用现在完成时来描述某人曾经去过某地;

2.
区别现在完成时和一般过去时在表达过去经历的不同。

 知识点:

National Science Museum 国家科技博物馆

neither (两者都)不

space museum 太空博物馆 history museum 历史博物馆 art museum 美术博物馆 amusement park 游乐场
take the subway 坐地铁 go skating 去滑冰

camp in the mountains 在山上野营 put up a tent 搭帐篷

progress in a rapid way 进步飞快

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 tea sets 茶具

make sth. better 使??更好 a couple of 一对?? take a ride 兜风

thousands of 成千上万的

On the one hand ? ,on the other hand ? 一方面??,另一方面?? three quarters 四分之三

English-speaking countries 英语语言国家 outside of ??的外部 all year around 终年 hear
of 听说

whether ? or ? 不管??还是?? 

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for this bike for three
years. 

重点&难点:since& for在现在完成时中的运用。

have + pp. + since + 时间点

have + pp. + for + 时间段 知识点:

how long 多长时间 a yard sale 庭院拍卖会 ride a bike 骑自行车

have sth. for + price 花多少钱买的?? give away 捐赠

not ? anymore 不再?? check out 观察

board games 棋类游戏 for a long time 很长时间 clear out 收拾,整理

children’s home 儿童福利院 no longer 不再

either (两者中的一个)是 down the street 在街边 search for 寻找?? as for 至于

46-year-old 46岁的??

It is a shame ? 遗憾的是?? mid-20thcentury 20世纪中期 a symbol of ??的标志 the past +
y. 过去的??年 to be honest 说实话