英语四级历年真题试卷汇总

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2021-03-15

在做真题的过程中同学们要不断地总结和体会,慢慢消化,相信会对大家的四级提高有所帮助。下面是小编为大家整理的有关英语四级历年真题试卷汇总,希望对你们有帮助!

英语四级历年真题试卷汇总插图

2020年12月大学英语四级真题试卷一阅读答案及解析

Part III Reading Comprehension

Section A

26. [C] essential

27. [M] suspicion

28. [G] miserable

29. [A] constantly

30. [O] watching

31. [J] records

32. [K] removed

33. [F] load

34. [I] properly

35. [H] pressure

解析:

26题根据上下文得知,此处应该是说人与人之间信任的重要性。很明显答案C.
essential符合条件,B选项有可信的意思,看到此选项可能下意识地会选这个答案,但翻译成“信任是可信的”,和主旨无关,此处还是讨论信任的重要性。

29题容易选一个名词比如records和”mistakes”并列,但是后面的选项并没有双引号,后面是一个动词reminding,可以推测前面需要填入副词来修饰reminding,根据语义“要求你做这做那”,可以推出是不断要求,而不是properly恰当地,排除完可以得出constantly.

31题,此处判断应填名词,有同学可能会和pressure弄混淆,但此处并不能得出公司要施加压力。公司出于自我保护和信任问题,对于任何交易记录都会留有根据和存根,这些都是记录,所以答案应该是records,

Section B

36. [G] The Chetty data shows that neighborhoods and places mattered for
children born in the San Jose area of the 1980s.

37. [D] The reasons kids in San Jose performed so well might seem
obvious.

38. [K] The idea that those at the bottom can rise to the top is central to
America's ideas about itself.

39. [B] Indeed, data suggests that this is one of the best places to grow
up poor in America.

40. [J] But in today's America-a land of rising inequality

41. [I] Leaders in San Jose are determined to make sure that the city
regains its status as a place where even poor kids can access the resources to
succeed.

42. [E] Indeed, the streets of San Jose seem, in some ways, to embody the
best of America.

43. [C] By contrast, just 4.4 percent of poor kids in Charlotte moved up to
the top

44. [H] Some San Jose residents say that as inequality has grown in recent
years

45. [F] But researchers aren 't sure exactly why poor kids in San Jose did
so well.

解析:

38题干主旨表达的是如果该市的问题不解决将会动摇美国的根本信仰,对应K项中的America's ideas about
itself.和foundational belief.可以进行匹配。

41题干第一句该市的官员,可以定位到[I]选项第一句Leaders in San Jose, 且
该句直接表明了目的,就是为了提升贫困孩子触达成功的机会。

42题中的manifest词汇较为生僻,但后面的some of the best
features可以理解说的是关于美国最好的几点特质,对应到[E]选项to embody the best of America.

44 题干关键信息是 increases in housing prices,快速浏览后可以定位到[H]项多次提到如Rent,homelessness
problem, housing prices等与住房相关的信息

Section C

Passage One

46. [D] They lack the necessary resources to address pupils’ mental
problems.

47. [A] They have deteriorated due to budget cuts.

48. [B] At school.

49. [C] Students are more comfortable seeking counselling in school.

50. [D] A change in the conception of what schools are.

解析:

46题A和B选项属于无中生有,C选项说的是学校在实施干预方面举措不利,但是根据原文第二段第二句,how ill-equipped they feel
可以看出主体是老师自己而不是学校,此处是一个偷换概念的陷阱,还是要基于文章的意思判断。

47题的C选项与原文第三段最后一句意义相反;B和D选项也是无中生有,A选项中出现了一个生词,但最后出现的budgets
cuts还是可以帮助我们定位到第三段第二句。

49. A和B均属无中生有,D选项则偷换了概念,原文是指学生们更愿意在校内进行心理辅导而不是外面的心理咨询,D选项则替换成了校外活动。

Passage Two

51. [A] To illustrate people’s peculiar shopping behavior.

52. [D] To make customers believe they are getting a bargain.

53. [B] The E conomist’s promotional strategy works.

54. [C] To trap customers into buying the more pricey item.

55. [B] By comparing it with other choices.

解析:

51题的BD选项都属于捏造的信息,C选项具有一定迷惑性,但描述的是表面的信息,并不是作者举例的真实目的,此处挑选饮料本质是想要阐述一种特定购物行为。

52题讨论的是中罐苏打水定价的理由,A选项吸引更多人去买很明显不对,因为中罐苏打水重量减半价格却很贵,同理B项也不符合,C项本文并未提及,属于生造的信息。所以中罐苏打是为了让顾客以同样价格买到更大罐的饮料从而觉得占到便宜。

53 题A选项看似符合常理,但并不是Dan的研究成果内容,属于张冠李戴;C项文中并没有提及是卖的最好的;
最后的D项也偷换了概念,很有迷惑性,研究结果的意思是如果没有纸质加电子版这个选项的话,大部分人还是会选择更便宜的电子版,但和纸质版对比,同样的价格还可以获得电子版,所以人们会更倾向选择print
plus digital,而不是digital