如:常用词组有: at noon, at night

表示时间的 at, in, on:表示片刻的时间,at 8 o’clock,at midnight, at the end of, at that
time, at the beginning of, at the age of, at Christmas, at New Year 等。

in 表示一段的时间

如:in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, in October, in 1998, in
summer, in the past, in the future 等。

on 总是跟日子有关,on Monday, on Christmas morning, on the following, on May Day,
on a warm morning 等。

2、表示时间的 since 和 from:since 表示从过去到现在的一段时间的过程,常与现在完成时连用:from

如:I hope to do morning exercises from today./ We have not seen each other
since 1995.

3、表示时间的 in 和 after:两者都表示“在(某个时间)之后,区别在于in表示“在(一段时间)之后” ,而 after
则表示“在(某一具体时间点之后),in 短语和将来时态连用,after 短语和过去时态或将来时态连用。

如:We’ll be back in three days.

After seven the rain began to fall.

What shall we do after graduation?

After two months he returned. 注意:after 有时也可以表示在一段时间之后(常用在过去时里)

4、表示地理位置的 in, on, to:in 表示在某范围内,on 指与什么毗邻,to 指在某环境范围之外

如:Changchun is in the northeast of China./ Mongolia is on the north of
China./ Japan is tothe east of China.

5、表示“在……上”的 on 和 in:on 只表示在某物的表面上,而用 in 表示占去某物一部分,表示……上。

如:There is a book on the piece of paper./ There is an interesting article
in the newspaper./ He dug a hole in the wall.



介词分为三种,一种是简单介词,如 at, in, on, beside, to , for 等;另一种是短语介词,即由两个以上的词组组成的短语,in
front of, because of, out of, instead 如 of 等;还有一种二重介词,如 until after, from behind

(一) 介词的句法功能:介词不能独立在句中做成份,介词后必须与名词、代词、或动名词构成介词短语在句中充当

1、 作定语: The book on the table is mine.

2、 作状语: have breakfast at seven. We (表时间)They were late for meeting because
of the heavy ; rain.(表原因) ;They started the machine by pressing the

3、 作表语: My dictionary is in the bag.

4、 作宾语补足语: I found him in the office.

(二) 1.表示时间的介词


如: in July/summer/2000/ancient times

The bus will be here in ten minutes.

(2) on表示“在特定的某一天”,也可用于带有修饰语的一天的某个时间段之前。如:on Saturday, on Saturday morning,
on the morning of August 1st

(3) at表示“在某一时间点”,或用来表示不确定的时间和短期的假日、时节等。

如:at six o'clock, at Easter

(4) over, through (out)两者均指“经过的全部时间”。

如:Stay over the Christmas.



1、形容词的定义:形容词简称adv. 形容词简称adv.修饰v.



(1)形容词+ 名词+ ed kind-hearted 好心的,white-haired 白发的

(2)形容词+ 形容词red-hot 炽热的,dark-blue 深蓝的

(3)形容词+ 现在分词good-looking 好看的,easy-going 随和的

(4)副词+ 现在分词hard-working 勤劳的,fast-moving 快速转动的

(5)副词+ 过去分词hard-won 得来不易的,newly-made 新建的

(6)名词+ 形容词life-long 终生的,world-famous 世界闻名的

(7)名词+ 现在分词peace-loving 爱好和平的,fun-loving 爱开玩笑的

(8)名词+ 过去分词snow-covered 白雪覆盖的,hand-made 手工的

(9)数词+ 名词+ ed four-storeyed 4 层楼的,three-legged 3 条腿的

(10)数词+ 名词(名词用单数)ten-year 10 年的,two-man 两人的

高二英语语法知识点篇四   什么是副词?


1. You are standing near the camera.. Can you move a little farther? a
little修饰副词“farther”表示程度 farther修饰动词“move”表示方式

2. Miss Long usually goes to school by bus. usually修饰动词goes,表示频度、频率

3. The two old passengers fell into the sea. Unfortunately, neither of them
could swim. Unfortunately修饰整个句子

4. I won’t go with you. It’s much too hot today. much




1. 副词词义辨析

(10浙江) Do you think shopping online will ____________ take the place of
shopping in stores?

A.especially B.Frequently C.merely D.finally

解析:especially 特别,尤其;frequently经常;merely仅仅;finally最终


(10湖北) I wasn’t blaming anyone; I ___________ said errors like this could
be avoided.

A. merely B. mostly C. rarely D. nearly

解析:mostly 大部分地,通常地;nearly 几乎=almost;rarely 很少地,几乎不;merely 仅仅,只不过

全句意思:我并没有责怪任何人,我只是说类似这种错误是可以避免的” 说类似这种错误是可以避免的”。

2. 副词短语与习惯用语辨析

(09全国) It’s high time you had your hair cut; it’s getting .

A. too much long B. much too long C. long too much D. too long much

【解析】too much+不可数名词 much too+形

(09天津) It was a nice house, but _______ too small for a family of five.

A. rarely B. fairly C. rather D. pretty

【解析】rather too 稍微,一点


(2011全国)It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it
is______another to play it well yourself.

A. quite B. very C. rather D. much

【解析】quite another 另一回事


3. 某些副词的位置

(10辽宁)We only had $100 and that was _______ to buy a new computer.

A.nowhere near enough B.near enough nowhere C.enough near nowhere D.near
nowhere enough

【辨析】enough做副词时,修饰形容词或副词时应该放在被修饰词的后面adj/adv+enough nowhere
near是固定短语,意思是“差得远;远不及” ,相当于一个形容词。