高三下册英语最新必修五知识点总结

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2021-03-15

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高三下册英语最新必修五知识点总结插图

高三下册英语必修五知识点1

link A to B 将A和B连接起来

refer to

1)提及,指的是……

e.g. When he said “some students”, do you think he wasreferring to us?

2) 参考;查阅;询问

e.g. If you don'tunderstand a word you may refer to your dictionaries.

Please refer to the lastpage of the book for answers.

3) 关系到;关乎

e.g. What I have to sayrefers to all of you.

This rule refers toeveryone.

reference: n. 参考

e.g. reference books 参考书

7. to one's surprise (prep)

“to one's + 名词”表“令某人……”

常见的名词有“delight, disappointment, enjoyment, astonishment 等

e.g. I discovered, to myhorror, that the goods were entirely unfit for
sale.

To John's great relief theyreached the house at last.

8. ... found themselves united peacefully

“find +宾语+宾补( adj; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语;不定式)”

e.g. A cook will beimmediately fired if he is found smoking in the
kitchen.

You'll find him easy to getalong with.

They found themselvestrapped by the bush fire.

When I woke up, I foundmyself in hospital.

I called on him yesterday,but I found him out.

9. get sth done =have sthdone 使某事被做…….

e.g. I'll just get thesedishes washed and then I'll come.

get + n. + to do

get + n. + doing

You'll get her to agree.

I'll get the car going.

get done: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生,意为“被…….”

e.g. Be careful when youcross this very busy street.

10.break away (from sb /sth) 脱离;破除…

e.g. It is not easy for himto break away from bad habits.

The man broke away from hisguards.

break down (会谈)破裂,失败;(汽车等)出故障;(人的健康状况)变得恶劣;(情感)失控

e.g. His car broke down onthe way to work this morning.

His health broke down underthe pressure of work.

He broke down and wept whenhe heard the news.

Talks between the twocountries have completely broken down.

break in 闯入;打岔

break off 中断,折断

break into 闯入

break out 爆发;发生

break up 驱散;分散,拆散

11. as well as 不仅…而且;既…又…

e.g. He is a teacher aswell as a writer.

The children as well astheir father were seen playing football in the
street.

12.convenience: n.方便;便利

e.g. We bought this housefor its convenience.

convenient: adj.

13. attraction:

1). 吸引;引力(不可数 n.)

2). 吸引人的东西;喜闻乐见的东西;精彩节目(可数 n.)

e.g. attraction ofgravitation 重力

He can't resist theattraction of the sea on a hot day.

A big city offers many andvaried attractions.

What are the principleattractions this evening?

attract: v.

14.influence

1) v. 对…产生影响

e.g. What influence you tochoose a career in teaching?

2)可数n. 产生影响的人或事

e.g. He is one of the goodinfluences in the school.

3) (不可数n.) 影响

e.g. A teacher has greatinfluence over his pupils.

高三下册英语必修五知识点2

1. impression

n.印痕;印记;印象;感想

常用结构:

have an impression of sth./doing sth. 对(做)某事有印象

make an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象

make no impression on 对……无影响/效果

give sb.a favorable impression 给某人留下好印象

an impression of one’s foot 某人的脚印

Your performance gave me a strong impression.

你的表演给我留下了很深的印象。

What I said made no impression on him.

我的话对他不起作用。

联想拓展

impress v.留下印象

impress sth.on/upon one’s mind 把……牢记在心上

2. lack

v.&n. 缺乏;缺少的东西

注意:lack作名词时,后常接of。lack作动词时,既可作及物动词,也可以作不及物动词,作不及物动词时,后常接for或in。lack不用于被动语态。

常用结构:

lack sth. 缺少某物

lack for sth. 缺少;需要

for/through lack of... 因缺乏……

no lack of... 不缺乏

a/the lack of ... ……的缺乏

He didn’t go there because he lacked courage.

他没去那里,因为他缺乏勇气。

The plant died for lack of water.植物因缺水而死。

They lacked for nothing.他们无所需求。

联想拓展

lacking adj. 匮乏的;不足的;没有的

be lacking in 缺乏(品质、特点等)

She seems to be lacking in common sense.

她似乎缺乏常识。

3. sight

n. 视力;视觉;看见;光景,奇观;名胜

常用结构:

lose sight of 看不见;忘记;失去

catch sight of sth./sb. 看见某物/人

at first sight 初看之下;乍看起来

at (the) sight of 一看见就……

out of sight 看不见

be in sight 看得见,在眼前

Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦。

Last summer we had seen the sights of Beijing.

去年夏天我们游览了北京的名胜。

Crusoe was frightened at the sight of a man’s footprint.

克鲁索看到一行人的脚印,他非常害怕。

4. require

vt. 需要;要求;命令

常用结构:

require that+主语+(should)+动词原形 需要某人做某事

require sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

require sth.(of sb.) 要求(某人)某事

I will do everything that is required of me.

凡是要求我的事,我都会办到。

The situation requires that I(should)be there.

形势需要我去那里。

温馨提示

require后接宾语从句时,宾语从句必须用should do的虚拟语气,其中should可以省略。

另外,表示“需要”,且是物作主语时,后接动词
?ing形式的主动形式表示被动含义,可以等于不定式被动形式;在这一点上,need和want用法相同。

The house requires mending.

The house requires to be mended. 房屋需要维修。

All cars require servicing regularly.

所有汽车都需要定期检修。

They required him to keep it a secret.

他们要求他对这事保密。

5. assist

vt.&vi. 帮助;援助;参与;出席

常用结构:

assist sb. in/with sth. 帮助(某人)某事

assist sb. in doing sth. 帮助(某人)做某事

assist sb. to do sth. 帮助(某人)做某事

assist with 帮助(照料,做);在……上给予帮助

I am willing to assist you whenever there is an opportunity.

有机会我愿随时帮你。

I’m afraid I can’t assist you, you have to go and see the manager.
我恐怕帮不上忙,你得去找经理。

The headmaster assists with a lot of things when free.

有空时校长会帮忙做很多事。