2021高中英语必修二知识点梳理总结

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2021-03-15

高中英语分为必修课和选修课。在英语学习的过程中,你所学的东西是非常零散的。如果你想学好知识,你必须总结知识,下面是小编为大家整理的有关高中英语必修二知识点总结,希望对你们有帮助!

2021高中英语必修二知识点梳理总结插图

1高中英语必修二知识点总结:短语

1.cultural relics文化遗产

Many unearthed cultural relics were exhibited at the museum.

博物馆展出了许多出土文物。

By definition the capital is the political and cultural center of a
country.根据定义,首都是一个国家的政治文化中心。

2.rare and valuable珍贵稀有

It is rare to find such a genius nowadays.这样的天才现在很少见。

The flaw in this vase makes it less valuable.这个花瓶因为有点缺陷,不那么值钱了。

3.in search of 寻找,寻求=in search for He's sailed the seven seas in search of
adventure.他闯荡七大洋去历险.

He went to the south in search for a better future.他为了寻找更好的前途到南方去。

4.in the fancy style以别致的风格 in…style/in the style of……以……风格

These clothes are too fancy for me,I prefer plainer
ones.这些衣服对我来说有些花哨,我还是喜欢素净些的。

5.popular

She is popular at school.她在学校里很受人喜欢。

This dance is popular with young people.这种舞很受青年人喜爱。

6.…a treasure decorated with gold and jewels,which took the country’s best
artists about ten years to make.

用金银珠宝装饰起来的珍品,一批国家最优秀的艺术家用了大约十年的时间才把它完成。

decorate with以...装饰

7.be designed for…为……而设计

by design 故意地

My brother designs to be an engineer.我弟弟立志要当工程师。

This room was originally designed to be my study.这间屋子原预定做我的书房。

His parents designed him for the army,but he preferred the
navy.他父母打算要他当陆军,但是他却喜欢当海军。

8.belong to属于

We belong to the same generation.我们属于同代人。

9.in return作为回报/报答/交换

in turn依次地,轮流的;转而,反过来

10.a troop of 一群He is surrounded by a troop of friends.他被一群朋友围住了。

11.become part of…变成……的一部分

It is part of the way we act.它是我们行为表现的一部分。

12.serve as作为,用作,充当,起作用

The room can serve as a study.这间房子可作书房用。

13.a small reception hall for important visitors 接待重要来宾的小型会客室。

14.Later,Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St
Petersburg where she spent her summers.

后来,叶卡捷琳娜二世派人把琥珀屋搬到圣彼得堡郊外她避暑的宫殿中。

have sth done请/让别人做某事,使得,蒙受某种损失

We had the machine repaired.我们请人把机器修好了。

15.In 1770 the room was completed the way she

wanted.1770年,这间琥珀屋按照她的要求完成了。( I was never allowed to do things the
way/that/in which I wanted.我从来不允许按照自己的想法去做事情。)

16.Sadly,although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the
world,it is missing.可悲的是,尽管琥珀屋被认为是世界上的一大奇迹之一,可是现在它却消失了。

I am considering going abroad.我正在考虑出国。

I consider it a great honor.我认为这是极大的荣幸。

We consider that the driver is not to blame.我们认为这不是司机的过错。

We consider it(to be)true.=(We consider that it is true.)我们认为这是真实的。

a couple of words missing 缺的两三个字

There is a page missing.缺少一页。

Police are combing the woods for the missing

children.警察搜遍树林以寻找失踪的孩子.

17.be at war处于战争状态,交战

18.remove some furture and small art objects把一些家具和小件艺术品搬走

He removed the mud from his shoes.他去掉鞋上的泥。

This old table is a valuable piece of furniture.这张旧桌子是一件很珍贵的家具。

19.in less than two days 在不到两天的时间里

20.There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on

a train for…毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上了运往……的火车。

There is no doubt that she will keep her word.毫无疑问她会遵守诺言的.

There is no doubt that Taiwan belongs to China.这是毫无疑问的,台湾属于中国。

There is no doubt that she is capable of the job.她能胜任这个工作,这是毫无疑问的.

21.After that,what happened to the Amber Room remains a
mystery.从那以后,琥珀屋的去处便成了一个谜。

it remains to be seen 尚待分晓

The fact remains to be proved.事实尚待证明?

remain in呆在家里 remain out呆在外面,留在户外

These matters remain in doubt.这些事情仍然值得怀疑

He's determined to remain loyal to the team whatever comes his
way.他决心不管发生什么事都忠于球队。

Peter became a judge but John remained a fisherman.彼得当了法官,但约翰仍然是个渔民。

22.By studying old photos of the former Amber Room,they have made the new
one look like the old one.通

过研究琥珀屋原来的照片,他们建造的新琥珀屋样子和旧的看起来非常像。

23.One day he was looking in a second-hand furniture shop when he saw an
amazing object among the many

different vases and jewels.一天,他正在一家二手家具商店查找,突然他在众多不同的花瓶和首饰中看见一个神奇的东西。

24.without doubt无疑地,确实地

He is without doubt the cleverest student I've
evertaught.他确实是我所教过的学生中最聪明的.

25.the UN peace-keeping force联合国维和部队

26.The old man saw some Germans taking apart the Amber Room and receiving
it.那位老人看见一些德国人把琥珀

屋拆开搬走了。 take apart 拆卸,拆开

Take apart the pieces before putting the toys away.玩具拿开前先将它拆成一件件的。

27.In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which
not to believe.在审讯中,法官必须确定哪些目击者可信哪些不可信。

28.rather than胜于,而不是

Tom rather than Jack is to blame.该受责备的是汤姆,而不是杰克。

I prefer to read rather than sit idle.我宁愿读书而不愿闲坐着。

We aim at quality rather than quantity.我们的目的是重质不重量。

29.by the light of the moom借助于月光

30.for oneself亲自,独自地

One should not live for oneself alone.一个人不应只是为自已活着。

31.To my surprise the entrance to the mine was closed使我感到惊奇的是矿口被封闭了。……

32.I think highly of those who are searching for the Ambe
Room.我认为那些在找寻琥珀屋的人们很了不起。

33.Nor do I think they should give it to any
government.我也不认为他们会把它交给任何政府。

34.do with 处理,忍受,对付

I can't do with his insolence.我忍受不了他那傲慢无礼的态度

What do they do with the coin?他们是怎样处理这枚硬币的?

35.take notes of记录,把……记下来

Please take notes of the important while you read.请边读边把重要的事情记下来。

36.Read the information that is provided for the
visitors.阅读一下为参观者提供的信息。

They provide us with food.他们供给我们食物。

We provided food for the hungry children.我们为饥饿的孩子们提供食物。

It's wise to save some money and provide for the

future."积蓄点钱,为将来使用作些准备是明智的。"

He has a wife and seven children to provide for.他需要赡养妻子和七个孩子。

37.It will not only give you a chance of practising your English but also
of developing an interest in local

history at the same time.它不仅给你了练习英语的机会而且在同时也给你了培养对当地历史感兴趣的机会。

38.for fun 为了消遣,为了开心He plays violin just for fun.

他拉小提琴只是为了自娱自乐。

2高中英语必修二知识点总结:语法

一.直接引语和间接引语

(一)直接引述别人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述别人的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语一般构成宾语从句。直接引

语必须放在引号内,间接引语则不用引号。直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人

称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等进行改变。

1.时态的变化:直接引语变为间接引语时,通常受转述动词

said,asked等的影响而使用过去化的时态,即把原来的时态向过

去推,也就是一般现在时变为一般过去时,现在进行时变为过去进行时,等等。例如:

Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.”

→Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework.

2.人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化:

根据意义进行相应的变化,例如:

She asked Jack,“Where have you been?”

→She asked Jack where he had been.

He said,“These books are mine.”

→He said that those books were his.

(二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都使用陈述语序,但是因为原句的句式不同,所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同

。直接引语如果是一般疑问句,用连接词whether或if;如果是特殊疑问句,则用疑问词引导间接引语。转述的动词一般用asked,

可以在其后加上一个间接宾语me,him,her,us等。如:

She said,“Is your father at home?”

→She asked me if/whether my father was at home.

“What do you do every Sunday?”My friend asked me.

→My friend asked me what I did every Sunday.

直接引语如果是祈使句,改为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式,并在不定式的前面根据原句的语气(

即请求或命令)加上ask,tell,order等动词,如果祈使句为否定式,则在不定式前加not。其句型为:ask/tell/order
someone

(not)to do something.例如:

She said to us,“Please sit down.”

→She asked us to sit down.

He said to him,“Go away!”

→He ordered him to go away.

He said,“Don’t make so much noise,boys.”

→He told the boys not to make so much noise.

二.各种时态的被动语态

被动语态概述

被动语态的概念:它是动词的一种形式,表示主语与谓语之间的执行或被执行关系。主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的执行者,例如:They saw the
little boy crying by the river.被动语态表示主语是谓语动作的承受者,例如:The little boy was seen
crying by the river.

被动语态的构成

被动语态的形式是由“助动词be+动词的过去分词”构成。助动词be随着主语的人称、数、时态等的不同而变化。几种常见时态的被动语态形式如下:

1.一般现在时am/is/are+过去分词

例如:Rice is planted in the south of China.

2.一般过去时was/were+过去分词

例如:These trees were planted the year before last.

3.一般将来时will/shall+be+过去分词

例如:A sports meeting will be held next week in our school.

4.现在进行时am/is/are+being+过去分词

例如:Your radio is being repaired now.

5.过去进行时was/were+being+过去分词

When he got there,the problem was being discussed.

6.现在完成时have/has+been+过去分词

His work has been finished.

Has his work been finished? Yes,it has./No,it hasn’t.

7.过去完成时had+been+过去分词

注意:1.除了be之外的其它系动词如get,stay等也可以和过

去分词构成被动语态。例如:Their questions haven’t got answered.

2.含有情态动词的谓语变成被动语态使用“情态动词+be+过去分词”结构。例如:

More attention should be paid to the old in this country.

This work can’t be done until Mr.Black comes.

3.含有“be going to”,“be to”等结构的谓语,其被动语态分别用“be going to+be+过去分词”和“be
to+be+过去分词”。例如:The problem is going to be discussed at the next meeting.

All these books are to be taken to the library.

4.被动语态与系表结构的区别:“连系动词+用作表语的过去分词”构成的系表结构,与被动语态的形式完全一样,所以应注

意它们的区别。被动语态中的过去分词是动词,多强调动作;系表结构中的过去分词相当于形容词,多强调状态。前者通常可用by
引出动作的执行者,而后者则不可以。例如:

The map was changed by someone.(被动结构)

That custom remained unchanged for many centuries.(系表结构)

系表结构中的过去分词通常可被very修饰,被动语态中的过去分词往往要用much修饰。

例如:He was very excited.(系表结构)

He was much excited by her words.(被动结构)

5.主动形式表被动意义。有些动词的主动形式有被动意味,如
open,read,sell,shut,wash,wear,write等。此时句子的主语一般是物。

例如:These books sell well.这些书很畅销。

The door won’t shut.这门关不上。

The clothes wash well.这些衣服很好洗。

3高中英语必修二知识点总结:单词

Unit1

1.look into调查

2.insist on/upon sth/doing坚持做,坚决做

3.belong to属于

4.get/be lost;be missing迷路,丢失

5.do with处理;对付

6.in search of;in the/one’s search for寻找

7.be used to do sth.被用来做某事

8.be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事

9.be made into...被制成;

be made of/from用…制成(看得见原材料/看不见原材料)

be made for为…制作

be made up of由…组成

10.be of+抽象名词=be+该词的形容词

“be of+名词(词组)”表示主语的某种形状或特征

be of a(n)/the/the same“属于, 归于”

be of the size/weight/height/age/colour/kind…

11.work of amber art琥珀艺术品.

12.as a gift of作为…的礼物

13.in return作为报答

14.become part of成为…的一部分

15.serve as充当,用作

16.add…to…添加…到…

17.great wonders of the world世界上的伟大奇迹

18.be at war处于交战状态

19.less than少于

20.no doubt毫无疑问

21.remain a mystery仍然是个迷

22.take apart拆开

23.rather than胜于, 而不是

25.tell the truth说实话

26.pretend to do sth假装做某事

27.give an example from your own life举一个你生活中的

例子

28.think highly of看重,重视

29.search for=look for

30.agree with sb.同意某人的意见

31.情态动词(could/might/must/should)+have done

表示对过去发生的事情的推测,批评,反悔等意思

32.have sth.done 表示“请人做某事”“使遭遇某种(不幸的)事情”

Unit2

1.take part in/join in参加

2.the spirit of精神、宗旨、灵魂

3.used to过去常常

4.find out查明,找出

5.every four years每四年,每隔三年

6.two sets of两套,两组

7.allow sb.in(out)允许进入(出去);

8.allow sb.to do sth.允许某人做某事(不能说allow to do)

9.allow doing sth.允许干某事。

10.be/get married(强调状态)+to(不能用with)sb和……结婚

11.a set of一套,一组

12.compete in…在某方面竞争

13.compete for…为……而竞争

14.compete with/against与……竞争

15.be admitted to获准做某事

16.be admitted as作为…被接受

17.reach the standard达到……水平、标准

18.play an important role/part in在…方面扮演重要角色(起重要作用)

19.as well as和……一样

20.thank you for your time感谢您(能抽空……)

21.come from the same root同根

22.have(no)chance of doing sth.有(没)做……的机会

23.go with伴随,与……搭配

24.relate…to…把……与关联起来

25.relate with 和……有关

26.run against…和……赛跑

27.hear of听说

28.make sure确定

29.take turns轮流

30.one after another一个接一个

31.make sure+that clause确定

Unit3

1.sound simple听起来简单

2.a technological revolution技术革命

3.artificial intelligence人工智能

4.begin as作为…开始

5.solve/settle a problem解决问题

6.a simple-minded man一个头脑简单的人

7.mathematical problem数学问题

8.be totally changed被完全改变了

9.share information with与…信息共享

10.serve the human race为人类服务

11.common knowledge常识

12.deal with处理

13.in my opinion在我看来

14.public opinion公众舆论

15 an analytical method分析法

16.share a room with与…共居一室

17.connect with与…有关

18.go by(从…旁)走过

19.bring into effect使生效

20.the common people老百姓

21.get together聚集

22.after all毕竟

23.with the help of在…的帮助下

24.make up编造,化妆

25.a personal letter私人信件

26.watch over看守,监视

27.have a good time玩得愉快

28.once a year一年一度

29.make a decision做出决定