人教版八年级上册英语知识点总结最新

38
2021-03-15

如果你想取得好成绩,你必须有良好的学习习惯。习惯是一种稳定而持久的条件反射,是通过反复练习而巩固的自然需要。养成良好的学习习惯,会使自己的学习感到有序和轻松。下面是小编为大家整理的有关人教版八年级上册英语知识点总结,希望对你们有帮助!

人教版八年级上册英语知识点总结最新插图

人教版八年级上册英语知识点总结

Unit1where did you go on vacation?

【短语归纳】

1.go on vacation 2. stay at home3. go to the mountains4. go to the beach
5.visit museums 6. go to summer camp 7. quite a few 8. study for…. 9. go out 10.
most of the time 11. taste good 12. have a good time 13. of course 14. feel like
15 go shopping 16. in the past 17 walk around 18. too many 19. because of 20.
one bowl of… 21. the next day 22. drink tea 23. find out 24. go on 25. take
photos 26. something important 27. up and down 28. come up

【语法】

1. buy anything special 买特别的东西

①buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth.

②anything 不定代词,意为“某事;某件东西”,主要用于疑问句或否定句中。表示“任何事;任何东西”时,主要用于肯定句。

③anything special 特别的东西, 形容词修饰不定代词时应后置

2. How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?=what do you think of …?

3. Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?

go + doing表示去做某事,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动 go fishing go swimming…..

4. The only problem was that there was nothing much to do in the evening
but read.

的问题是晚上除了读书没什么事情可做。

Nothing much to do 没什么事可做 nothing…but…除….之外什么也没有,but后可接名词或动词原形。

5.Still no one seemed to be bored 仍然没有人看起来无聊

seem 可作不及物动词或连系动词,意为“好像,似乎,看来”

seem+形容词看起来。 you seem happy today.

seem+to do sth. 似乎,好像做某事 I seem to have a cold.

It seem/seemed +从句 看起来好像;似乎....

It seems that no one believes you.

Seem like 好像,似乎It seems like a good idea.

6. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.

Arrive 不及物动词,意为到达,arrive in 表示到达较大的地方,如国家,省,市;arrive at
表示到达较小的地方,如机场,商店,广场,村庄等。

7. So we decided to go to the beach near our hotel.

decide to do sth. I decided to buy a new car.

8. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。

try doing sth. 尝试着做某事,表示一种尝试,做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。try to do sth.
尽力,设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出一定的努力设法去完成。

9.I really enjoyed walking around the town.

enjoy后接名词,代词或动名词作宾语

10. What a difference a day makes!

What 引导的感叹句,what+名词+主语+谓语!此句式强调的部分是what 后面的名词。

11. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many
people.

too many 意为太多,其后接可数名词复数 too much 修饰不可数名词,意为太多 ,还可修饰动词作状语 much too
修饰形容词或副词,意为”太”

12.My father didn’t bring enough money…我爸爸没带足够的钱...

①Bring:指从别处带到说话者所在地 take:指从说话者所在地带到别处去

②enough 形容词,意为足够的,充分的,作定语修饰名词。 Enough
还作副词,意为足够地,充分地,用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。

13.Because we forgot to bring an umbrella…因为我们忘记带雨伞

forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事(事情还没做)forget doing sth.忘记做过某事(事情已经做过了)

14.About one hour later, we stopped and drank some tea.

Stop doing sth.停止做某事 stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

15.My classmates told me to keep going, so I went on.

①tell sb. to do sth. ②keep doing sth. 继续做某事,一直做某事

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

主要频率副词的等级排序:always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有时)
> hardly ever(很少) > never(从不)

这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。即:“行”前“助(系)”后。 Peter is always late
for school. Peter上学总是迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often

I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看电影 help with housework帮助做家务 how
often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周两次 every day每天 use the Internet用互联网

be free有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?

4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早点睡觉play sports进行体育活动

5.after school 放学后 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

7.be good for对……有好处 be bad for 对……有害处

8. play computer games打电子游戏 go camping去野营 9.ask sb about sth:问某人某事 My
parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

10. in one's spare time在某人业余时间He studies English in his spare
time.11.(P13,2b)”数字+percent
of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。若名词为复数,后面的动词用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys. Thirty of water is dirty.

12.not…at all:一点儿也不 (not构成否定句)I don't like the movie at all.

13.go online上网=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名词:…的答案

16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的()方式

The best way to learn English is speaking English.学习英语的方法是说英语.

17.such as比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 例如(后跟句子)

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to
tapes.

19.more than (=over)超过,多余 go to the dentist去看牙医

Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。(语法:见课本第113页至115页)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.play+the +乐器 play the drums打鼓 比较play +球类 play basketball打篮球

both…and…两者都(后面的动词用复数形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事

9.be different from与…不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事

常与help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换 He often helps me (to) learn
English.他经常帮助我学习英语。= He often helps me with my English.他经常在英语方面帮助我。

help (to) do sth:帮助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

13.be good with sb:与某人相处很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词