经典少儿英语知识点合集

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2021-03-15

英语也是与电脑联系最密切的语言,大多数编程语言都与英语有联系,而且随着网络的使用,英文的使用更普及。下面是小编为大家整理的有关经典少儿英语知识点合集,希望对你们有帮助!

经典少儿英语知识点合集插图

少儿英语知识点

现在进行时

表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

如:It is raining now.

外面正在下雨

It is six o’clock now.

现在6点了

My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.

我父母正在客厅看报纸

Look! The children are having a running race now.

看!孩子们正在赛跑

问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

一般现在时

表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…)
on Sundays等词连用。

结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

如:We have an English lesson every day.

我们每天都要上英语课

Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的

问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。

一般过去时

表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week;
month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。

注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

如:My earphones were on the ground just now.

我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

Where were you last week? I was at a camp.

你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了

What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm

你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;

否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。

一般将来时

表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend
;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will
+动原。

如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.

你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。

Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.

Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

小学生英语知识点归纳

第一:名词

名词可分为专有名词与普通名词,可数名词与不可数名词,简单名词与复合名词。学习本章后要求学员掌握可数名词复数的变化形式,特别是名词的不规则复数形式的变化;掌握复合名词的复数形式;掌握名词所有格的构成及用法;注意区分可数名词与不可数名词。

第二:冠词

冠词置于名词之前,用来说明名词所指的人或事物,它不能离开名词而单独存在。

英语冠词有:

1、定冠词:主要功用为特指,表示同类中的某一人或某一类人和物。

2、不定冠词:主要功用为泛指,指某类人或物中的任何一个或某一个。

3、零冠词:它是名词中的一种无形冠词,用在一般所谓的不定冠词的场合。

有三类名词使用零冠词:复数可数名词,不可数名词(用单数形式)及专有名词。

①in+月、年the morning/afternoon/evening/aweek表示时间

②on+具体某一天(几月几日)/某个假期(…Day)

③at+具体某点时间、某个假期(…Festival)/theweekend

表示方位:

①in…street

②on…road/left/right

③at the…crossing/stop/某个具体的地点

①in the tree(不是树上长出来的)

②on the tree(树上原来自己长出来的)

表示时间:

① ago(……以前) later(……以后)

② before (在……以前) after(在 ……以后)

形容词是用来修饰或描述名词(或代词),表示人或事物性质、状态和特征的词。

一、形容词的分类:

简单形容词 e.g. big, small, windy, cold, fine, black, old, happy

复合形容词 e.g. good-looking, kind-hearted, warm-hearted

二、形容词的位置:

1、通常放在名词前面

Andy is a good student at school.

2、用在系动词的后面

Abby’s dress is nice.

3、用在不定代词后面

There is something wrong with my watch.

三、形容词的排列顺序

描绘形容词 →大小(长短高低)形容词 →形状形容词 →年龄(新旧)形容词 →颜色形容词 →国籍形容词 →材料形容词 →用途(类别)形容词
→名词

a tall fat English teacher

四、形容词的比较等级

1、形容词的三个比较等级: 原级,比较级,级

表示二者相比“等于”时用原级;二者比较有优势之分时用比较级;三者或三者以上的比较“最……”的级。

2、 形容词比较级的构成

规则变化

不规则变化

主谓一致:

1、主语是he ,she, it, either, neither, each, anything, something, everything,
nothing, someone, everyone, anyone, nobody, no one, 等代词时,谓语动词用单数。

Someone is asking for you. 有人在找你。

Everyone is here. 大家都来了。

Each of the boys has an apple.

2、 表示总称意义的名词people, cattle, police做主语时,谓语动词用复数。

Cattle are farmer’s friends.

The policeman is standing at the street corner. The police are searching
for him.

3、 主语是:时间,距离,价格等名词,即使是复数形式,谓语动词只用单数。

Three years passes quickly.

Two meters is not long enough.

4、主语是:clothes, glasses, trousers, shoes, socks, gloves 等名词时,谓语动词用复数。

The trousers are not expensive.

Your socks are over there.

5、主语是:family, class, team,
group等名词时,如果是作为整体,谓语动词用单数;如果作为其中一个个的成员,谓语动词用复数。

Our class is made up of ten students.

Our class are working very hard.

6、主语是the number of+名词复数时,表示……的数目,谓语动词用单数。但是主语是a number
of+名词复数时,表示许多,谓语动词用复数。

The number of students in our school is large.

A number of students in our school are from America.

7、and 连接的两个成对的名词:fork and knife, bread and butter, coffee and
water等,表示单一的概念,故谓语动词用单数。

Where is youe fork and knife?

Bread and butter is a daily food in the west.

8、and 连接的两个名词若是指同一个人,谓语动词用单数。

The teacher and writer is my uncle.

The teacher and the writer are coming to us now.

9、and 连接的两个名词前分别有every, each, many a修饰时,谓语动词用单数。

Every boy and every girl enjoys themselves in the school.

Many a teacher and many a student has spoken at the meeting.

10、主语是:many a +名词单数;a +名词单数+or two,谓语动词用单数。

Many a student is interested in English. 很多学生对英语感兴趣。

A worker or two is going to be sent to work abroad. 一两个工人将被派往国外去工作。