11. M: I need to find a dentist; you said you know Dr. Smith well, do you
W: Well, I had to see her a few times, but what impressed me most was the
magazines in her waiting room.
Q: What does the woman imply ?
12. W: I’m afraid I can’t show you the apartment at the moment, because the
tenant is still living in it. It’s really a lovely place with a big kitchen and
a sunny window for only two hundred dollars a month.
M: Sounds good, but we really can’t rent an apartment without seeing it
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
13. M: So, that’s what’s been keeping you so busy recently!
W: Yes, I’ve been tied up with (被缠住) my studies. You know I’m planning to
go to the United States this coming summer, but I’m a bit nervous about my
Q: What is the woman busy doing ?
14. W: How did you feel when you found out you had high blood pressure?
M: Shocked! The problem for me was that there no symptoms (症状); it seemed
to have sneaked up on (悄悄接近某人然后突然出现) me.
Q: What does the man mean?
15. W: So, you’re just back from a trip to India. What were you doing
M: The trip was intended to bring to the world’s attention the fact that
AIDS is not just an African disease; it’s also endangering (危及) other countries
, notably, India and Thailand.
Q: What was the purpose of the man’s trip to India?
16. M: It’s quite clear from my visit this is a full-size comprehensive
(综合性的) university. So why is it still called a college?
W: The College of William and Mary is the second oldest institution of
higher learning (高等学府)in this country. We have nurtured (培养，培育) great minds like
Thomas Jefferson and we’re proud of our name.
Q: What do we learn from this conversation about the College of William and
17. M: Have the parts we need for the photocopying machine arrived yet?
W: I ordered them last week, but something is holding them up (耽搁).
Q: What does the woman say about the part needed for the photocopying
18. W: The cafeteria provided many kinds of dishes for us today. Did you
M: Yes. Kind of (有点) rare, isn’t it?
Q: What does the man imply?
W: Hello, Patrick, is that you?
M: Yeah Jane, what can I do for you ?
W: I was calling about the apple tree that you were trimming (修剪，剪枝)
M: That was hard work!
W: I’m sure it was. It sure looked difficult.
M: Yeah, I’m glad it’s finished. Hauling the branches to the front for
garbage pickup was no fun either.
W: Well, I don’t think you’re quite finished yet; some of the larger
branches fell over into my yard, and I think you should come and get them.
M: Listen Jane, I don’t see why I should do that. You eat all the apples
that fall in your yard and you’ve never complained about that before.
W: Well, it’s easier to pick up apples than to drag tree branches all the
way to the curb. (20) My kids pick up the apples, and the branches are just too
big for them to drag.
M: Well, I guess you’ll just have to do it yourself Jane.
W: Patrick, I wish you would reconsider (斟酌，再考虑). We’ve always gotten along
fairly well, but I think you’re out of line here. The branches are your
M: Sorry Jane, I disagree! You take the benefits of the apple tree, but
refuse to deal with the bad side of it !
W: Get the branches off my property or I’ll have to sue you. (21)
M: Yeah? For what? You’re taking those law classes too seriously (太较真，
太当回事)! (22) I’ll gotta go, I have to pick up my son.
W: You’ll be hearing from me. M: Yeah, yeah. See you in court Jane.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What did the man do yesterday?
20. What did the woman ask the man to do?
21. What did the woman threaten to do?
22. What was the man’s reaction to the woman’s threat?
M: Did you hear about the air crash that occurred in South America
recently? It was quite a tragic accident!
W: No, I didn’t see anything in the news about it. What happened?
M: A foreign airliner was attempting to land at night in a mountainous area
of Argentina and flew into a hill!
W: That sounds really terrible! Did anyone survive?
M: No, everyone aboard, including the crew, was killed instantly.
W: What were the circumstances? Was there bad weather, a fire, or an engine
M: Apparently, there were some low clouds in the area, but mostly it was
just miscommunication between the pilots and the air traffic
W: Weren’t they both speaking in English, the official international
aviation (航空) language?
M: Yes, they were. But the transmission from poor-quality radios was
slightly distorted (歪曲，曲解) and the accents of the Spanish speaking controllers
were so strong that the pilots misunderstood a vital instruction.
W: How could a misunderstanding like that cause such a serious
M: The pilots were told “Descend to 2-2, 000 feet.” The instruction
actually meant 22,000 feet, but they thought they heard descend to 2,000 feet.
That’s a huge difference, and it should have been confirmed, but it was not.
Unfortunately, the terrain (地形，地势) of the mountains in that region extends up to
W: So the pilots did descend to the wrong altitude (高度，海拔) then, thinking
they were following the air controllers instructions.
M: Sadly enough, yes they did. It was a really bad mistake. Many people
died as a result of this simple misunderstanding.W: Wow, that’s a powerful
lesson in how important it can be to accurately communicate with each
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. What was the cause of the tragedy?
24. How high are the mountains in the region?
25. What lesson could be drawn from the accident?
Edgar Poe, an American writer, was born in 1809. His parents were actors.
Edgar was a baby when his father left the family. He was two years old when his
mother died. (26) He was taken into the home of a wealthy business man named
John Allen. He then received his new name, Edgar Allen Poe. As a young man, Poe
attended the University of Virginia. He was a good student, but he liked to
drink alcohol and play card games for money. As an unskilled game player, he
often lost money. Since he couldn’t pay his gambling losses, he left university
(27) and began working for magazines. He worked hard, yet he was not well-paid,
or well-known. A t the age of 27, he got married. For a time it seemed that Poe
would find happiness, but his wife was sick for most of their marriage, and died
in 1847. Through all his crises, Poe produced many stories and poems which
appeared in different publications, yet he didn’t become famous until 1845, when
his poem, The Raven, was published. There is a question, however, about Poe’s
importance in American literature. Some critics say Poe was one of America’s
best writers, but others disagree. They say Poe’s work is difficult to
understand (28) and most of his writing describes very unpleasant situations and
events. Edgar Allen Poe died in 1849 when he was 40 years old. It is said that
he was found dead after days of heavy drinking. (29)
26. What happened to Edgar Allen Poe’s family when he was only two years
27.Why did Edgar Allen Poe leave the University of Virginia?
28.What do some critics say about Edgar Allen Poe?
29.How did Edgar Allen Poe’s life come to an end?
More than fifty years ago, the United Nations declared that literacy is a
basic human right. It’s very important for improving the lives of individuals.
However, it is estimated that 880 million adults around the world are
illiterate, that is, they are unable to read or write. A majority of them are
women. (30) More than 110 million school age children in the world do not attend
school. Many others complete school or fail to finish their studies without
learning to read or write. Many countries depend on the efforts of people who
offer their time to help illiterate individuals. For example, John Mogger became
concerned about the problem of illiteracy three years ago, so he started
teaching five prisoners in Brazil. In his teaching, he developed a system with
this group of prisoners. He says his way of teaching can help anyone learn how
to read and write with about thirty hours of study. (32) To learn his system,
people must first know how to write letters of the alphabet (字母表) and learn
which sounds they represent. The system divides letters into three groups . The
first group of letters can be written between two lines. The second can be
written between two lines but part of the letter is above the top line. The
third group has letters that are partly written below the lower line. (31) John
Mogger taught his students to write simple words from the letters. In this way,
his students learned more than seven hundred words. Many of them can now write
to family members. They also can read newspapers and magazines.
30. According to the speaker, which group of people make up the illiterate
31.What is the most important feature of John Mogger’s method of teaching
32.What does John Mogger say about his teaching method?
Farmers usually use ploughs to prepare their fields for planting crops.
Ploughs cut into the ground, and lift up weeds, and other unwanted plants.
However, ploughing is blamed for causing severe damage to topsoil by removing
the plants that protect the soil from being blown or washed away. (33) Many
farmers in South Asia are now trying a process called Low Till Farming. Low Till
Farming limits the use of ploughs. (34) in this method of farming seeds and
fertilizer are put into the soil through small cuts made in the surface of the
ground. Low Till Agriculture leaves much or all the soil and remains of plants
on the ground. They serve as a natural fertilizer and help support the roots of
future crops. They take in rain and allow it to flow into the soil instead of
running off. It has been proved that Low Till Farming increases harvests and
reduces water use, and this method reduces the need for chemical products
because there are fewer unwanted plants. Scientists say Low Till Farming is
becoming popular in South Asia, which is facing a severe water shortage. (35)
They say the area will become dependent in imported food unless water is saved
through methods like Low Till Farming. Currently, more than 150 million people
in South Asia depend on local rice and wheat crops. Farmers grow rice during wet
weather. During the dry season they grow wheat in the same fields. Farmers are
using the Low Till method to plant wheat after harvesting rice. Scientists say
Low Till Agriculture is one of the best examples in the world of technologies
working for both people and the environment.
33. What is the main problem caused by the usual way of ploughing?
34.What does the speaker say about Low Till Farming?
35.Where is Low Till Farming becoming popular?
Adults are getting smarter about how smart babies are. Not long ago,
researchers learned that 4-day-oldscould understand (36) addition and
subtraction. Now, British research (37) psychologist Graham Schafer has
discovered that infants can learn words for uncommon things long before they can
speak. He found that 9-month-oldinfants could be taught, through repeated
show-and-tell, to (38) recognize the names of objects that were foreign to them,
a result that (39) challenges in some ways the received (40)wisdom that, apart
from learning to (41)identify things common to their daily lives, children don’t
begin to build vocabulary until well into their second year. “It’s no (42)
secret that children learn words, but the words they tend to know are words
linked to (43)specific situations in the home,” explains Schafer.” (44)This is
the first demonstration that we can choose what words the children will earn and
they can respond to them with an unfamiliar voice giving instructions in an
unfamiliar setting.” Figuring out how humans acquire language may shed light on
why some children learn to read and write later than others, Schafer says, and
could lead to better treatments for developmental problems. (45) What’s more,
the study of language acquisition offers direct insight into how humans learn.
“Language is a test case for human cognitive development,” says Schafer. But
parents eager to teach their infants should take note: (46) Even without being
taught new words, a control group caught up with the other infants within a few
moths . “This is not about advancing development,” he says. “It’s just about
what children can do at an earlier age than what educators have often