往年英语四级真题合集

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2021-03-15

大学英语四级考试,即CET-4,College English Test Band
4的缩写,是由国家教育部高等教育司主持的全国性英语考试。考试的主要对象是根据教育大纲修完大学英语四级的在校专科生、本科生或研究生。

往年英语四级真题合集插图

2015年12月英语四级翻译真题及答案

题目:
云南省的丽江古镇是的旅游目的地之一。那里的生活节奏比大多数中国城市都要缓慢。丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样、丰富多彩的文化让游客体验。历,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名。当地人中流传着许多关于因爱而生,为爱而死的故事。如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂。

译文

The ancient town of Lijiang in Yunnan province is one of the famous tourist
destinations。 Its living rhythm is slower than that of most other Chinese
cities。 Lijiang is full of natural beautiful sceneries, where numerous minority
nationalities provide rich and varied cultures in order to give tourists a
different experience。 Historically, Lijiang was also known as “ the city of
love”。 Plenty of stories about living for love and dying for love have been
spread among the natives。 Nowadays, the old town equals the paradise of love and
romance in the eyes of Chinese and foreign tourists。

题目:今年在长沙举行了一年一度的外国人汉语演讲比赛。这项比赛证明是促进中国世界其他地区文化交流的好方法。它为世界各地的年轻人提供了更好地了解中国的机会。来自87个国家共计126位选手聚集在湖南省省会参加了从7月6号到8月5号进行的半决赛和决赛。比赛并不是的活动,选手们还有机会参观了中国其他地区的景点和历史名胜。

译文

The annual Chinese speech contest for foreigners was held in Changsha this
year。 The contest proves to be a good way to promote cultural exchanges between
China and other parts of the world。 It offers the young all over the world an
opportunity to know more about China.126 candidates from 87 nations gathered in
the capital of Hunan province to attend the semifinal and the final from July 6
to August 5。 Besides the contest, the candidates also got a chance to visit
famous tourist attractions and historical interests in other parts of China。

题目:中国父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务。他们对孩子的()要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上大学。他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样(竞争)激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。中国父母还认为,如果孩子能在社会上(取得)大的成就,父母就会受到尊敬。因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间、爱好和兴趣,为孩子(创造)更好的条件。

译文

Chinese parents have frequently tended to pay too much attention to their
children's study, so that children don’t help them do the housework. Their only
requirement for their children is to study hard, perform well in the exams, and
go to a famous/prestigious university. They believe it is good for their
children, because in such a highly competitive society, only good results could
ensure a promising future. Chinese parents also believe that parents will be
honored if their children can achieve great success in society. Therefore, they
are willing to sacrifice their own time, hobbies and interests, to create much
better conditions for children.

2012年12月大学英语四级考试阅读真题及答案

Section A

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

French fries, washed down with a pint of soda, are a favorite part of
fast-food lunches and dinners for millions of American youngsters. But 47 a cue
from health experts, a group of 19 restaurant companies are pledging to offer
more-healthful menu options for children at a time when 48 is growing over the
role of fast food in childhood obesity(肥胖症).

Burger King, the nation’s second-largest fast food chain, for instance,
will 49 automatically including French fries and soda in its kids’ meals
starting this month, although they will still be 50. Instead, the company said
Tuesday, its employees will ask parents whether they 51 such options as milk or
sliced apples before assembling the meals.“We’re asking the customers to 52 what
they want,” said Craig Prusher, the chain’s vice president of government
relations. Other participating chains, with a 53 of menu options, including
Denny’s, Chili’s, Friendly’s and Chevy’s.

As part of the Kids Live Well campaign-expected to be announced 54
Wednesday—participating restaurants must promise to offer at least one
children’s meal that has fewer than 600 calories(卡路里), no soft drinks and at
least two 55 from the following food groups: fruits, vegetables, whole grains,
lean proteins or low-fat dairy. Among other requirements, they must offer a side
dish that meets similar 56, with fewer than 200 calories and less than 35%of its
calories from sugar.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A) adapt I) prefer

B) available J) recommending

C) begin K) species

D) concern L) specify

E) criteria M) stop

F) items N) taking

G) nationwide O) variety

H) possible

参考答案

Section A

47. N taking

48. D concern

49. M stop

50. B available

51. I prefer

52. L specify

53. O variety

54. G nationwide

55. F items

56. E criteria

Section B

Passage One

Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

As you are probably aware, the latest job markets news isn’t good:
Unemployment is still more than 9 percent, and new job growth has fallen close
to zero. That’s bad for the economy, of course. And it may be especially
discouraging if you happen to be looking for a job or hoping to change careers
right now. But it actually shouldn’t matter to you nearly as much as you
think.

That’s because job growth numbers don’t matter to job hunters as much as
job turnover (人员更替) data. After all, existing jobs open up every day due to
promotions, resignations, terminations(解雇), and retirements. (Yes, people are
retiring even in this economy.) In both good times and bad, turnover creates
more openings than economic growth does. Even in June of 2007, when the economy
was still moving ahead, job growth was only 132,000, while turnover was 4.7
million!

And as it turns out, even today — with job growth near zero — over 4
million job hunters are being hired every month.

I don’t mean to imply that overall job growth doesn’t have an impact on
one’s ability to land a job. It’s true that if total employment were higher, it
would mean more jobs for all of us to choose from (and compete for). And it’s
true that there are currently more people applying for each available job
opening, regardless of whether it’s a new one or not.

But what often distinguishes those who land jobs from those who don’t is
their ability to stay motivated. They’re willing to do the hard work of
identifying their valuable skills; be creative about where and how to look;
learn how to present themselves to potential employers; and keep going, even
after repeated rejections. The Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows that 2.7
million people who wanted and were available for work hadn’t looked within the
last four weeks and were no longer even classified as unemployed.

So don’t let the headlines fool you into giving up. Four million people get
hired every month in the U.S. You can be one of them.

57. The author tends to believe that high unemployment rate ______.

A) deprives many people of job opportunities

B) prevents many people from changing careers

C) should not stop people from looking for a job

D) does not mean the U.S. economy is worsening

58. Where do most job openings come from?

A) Job growth. C) Improved economy.

B) Job turnover. D)Business expansion.

59. What does the author say about overall job growth?

A) It doesn’t have much effect on individual job seekers.

B) It increases people’s confidence in the economy.

C) It gives a ray of hope to the unemployed.

D) It doesn’t mean greater job security for the employed.

60. What is the key to landing a job according to the author?

A) Education. C) Persistence.

B) Intelligence. D) Experience.

61. What do we learn from the passage about the unemployment figures in the
U.S.?

A) They clearly indicate how healthy the economy is.

B) They provide the public with the latest information.

C) They warn of the structural problems in the economy.

D) They exclude those who have stopped looking for a job.

Passage Two

Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

Our risk of cancer rises dramatically as we age. So it makes sense that the
elderly should be routinely screened for new tumors — or doesn’t it?

While such vigilant(警觉的)tracking of cancer is a good thing in general,
researchers are increasingly questioning whether all of this testing is
necessary for the elderly. With the percentage of people over age 65 expected to
nearly double by 2050, it’s important to weigh the health benefits of screening
against the risks and costs of routine testing.

In many cases, screening can lead to surgeries to remove cancer, while the
cancers themselves may be slow-growing and may not pose serious health problems
in patients’ remaining years. But the message that everyone must screen for
cancer has become so deep-rooted that when health care experts recommended that
women under 50 and over 74 stop screening for breast cancer, it caused a riotous
reaction among doctors, patients and advocacy groups.

It’s hard to uproot deeply held beliefs about cancer screening with
scientific data. Certainly, there are people over age 75 who have had cancers
detected by routine screening, and gained several extra years of life because of
treatment. And clearly, people over age 75 who have other risk factors for
cancer, such as a family history or prior personal experience with the disease,
should continue to get screened regularly. But for the remainder, the risk of
cancer, while increased at the end of life, must be balanced with other factors
like remaining life expectancy(预期寿命).

A recent study suggests that doctors start to make more objective decisions
about who will truly benefit from screening- especially considering the
explosion of the elderly that will soon swell our population.

It’s not an easy calculation to make, but one that makes sense for all
patients. Dr. Otis Brawley said, “Many doctors are ordering screening tests
purely to cover themselves. We need to think about the rational use of health
care.”

That means making some difficult decisions with elderly patients, and going
against the misguided belief that when it comes to health care, more is always
better.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

62. Why do doctors recommend routine cancer screening for elderly
people?

A) It is believed to contribute to long life.

B) It is part of their health care package.

C) The elderly are more sensitive about their health.

D) The elderly are in greater danger of tumor growth.

63. How do some researchers now look at routine cancer screening for the
elderly?

A) It adds too much to their medical bills.

B) It helps increase their life expectancy.

C) They are doubtful about its necessity.

D) They think it does more harm than good.

64. What is the conventional view about women screening for breast
cancer?

A) It applies to women over 50. C) It is optional for young women.

B) It is a must for adult women. D) It doesn’t apply to women over 74.

65. Why do many doctors prescribe routine screening for cancer?

A) They want to protect themselves against medical disputes.

B) They want to take advantage of the medical care system.

C) They want data for medical research.

D) They want their patients to suffer less.

66. What does the author say is the general view about health care?

A) The more, the better. C) Better early than late.

B) Prevention is better than cure. D) Better care, longer life.

参考答案

57 C 58 B.

59 A 60 C

61 D62 D.

63 C 64 B

65 A 66 A.