学位英语知识点复习资料

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2021-03-15

人的天赋就像火花,它既可以熄灭,也可以燃烧起来。点燃它吧,让它燃烧成熊熊的大火。下面是小编为大家整理的有关学位英语知识点复习资料汇总,希望对你们有帮助!

学位英语知识点复习资料汇总1:重点短语语法

1.as far as=so far as

就……而言,至于

【例句】As far as I am concerned, I'm not against your plan.

就我而言,我并不反对你的计划.

远到

【例句】He walked as far as the railway station yesterday evening.
昨天傍晚,他一直散步到火车站.

【总结】表示"直到……为止"之意时,as far as既可用于肯定句,也可用于否定句;在表示"直到……程度"之意的借喻说法中,as far as和so
far as都可使用,但前者不及后者用得普遍.在表示"就……而论"之意时,as far as和so far
as可互换使用.在表示"只要"、"尽……所能"之意时,应用as far as,不用so far as.

2.as if 似乎、好像

【例句】She treats himas if he were a stranger.

她待他如陌生人.

【总结】(一)as if 从句的作用.在look, seem 等系动词后引导表语从句.如:She looks as if she were ten
years younger. 她看起来好像年轻了十岁.引导方式状语从句.如:She loves the boy as if she were his
mother. 她爱这男孩,就好像她是他的母亲一样.

(二)as if 还可用于省略句中 如果as if 引导的从句是"主语+系动词"结构,可省略主语和系动词,这样as if
后就只剩下名词、不定式、形容词(短语)、介词短语或分词.如:He acts as if (he was) a fool. 他做事像个傻子.

(三)as if 从句的语气及时态 as if 从句用陈述语气的情况.当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或极有可能发生或存在的事实时.如:It
sounds as if it is raining. 听起来像是在下雨.He talks as if he is drunk.
从他谈话的样子来看他是醉了.as
if从句用虚拟语气的情况.当说话人认为句子所述的是不真实的或极少有可能发生或存在的情况时.从句虚拟语气动词时态的形式如下:

a.如果从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般过去时.如:ou look as if you didn't care. 你看上去好像并不在乎.

b.从句表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用"had+过去分词".如:He talks about Rome as if he had been there
before. 他说起罗马来好像他以前去过罗马似的.

c.从句表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用"would/could/might+动词原形".如:He opened his mouth as if he
would say something. 他张开嘴好像要说什么.

3.as long as=so long as

只要

【例句】As long as you don't betray me, I'll do whatever you ask me to
(do).

只要你不出卖我,要我做什么我都愿意.

as long as: 和……一样长

【例句】This line is four times as long as that one.

这条线是那条线的四倍长.

【总结】当用于同级比较时,as.....as 既可用于肯定中也可用于否定句中,

而so....as 只能用于否定句中.

His pencil is as long as mine.

His pencil isn't so/as long as mine.

当表示只要时,两者没有什么区别,可以替换.

e.g.Our profits will be good as/so long as the dollar remains strong.

【词语辨析】as long as ,as far as

as long as有"只要"的意思

As long as you keep working, you will get what you want.

as far as的意思比较抽象,可以表示距离上的"远到,直到"也有"据我所知"的意思,翻译起来可根据上下文语境灵活处理.

As far as I can see, it is a perfect plan.

在我看来,这是个完美的计划.

4.as well as

①和……一样

【例句】She as well as you is an English teacher.

她像你一样也是英文教师.

②与……一样好

【例句】He speaks Spanish as well as English. 他说西班牙语像说英语一样好.

【总结】A as well as B的结构里,语意的重点在A,不在B.

学位英语知识点复习资料汇总2:重点短语语法

above all 首先;尤其是;最重要的是

【例句】He is strong, brave and, above all, honest.

他强壮,勇敢,最重要的是他诚实.

【总结】above all表示某因素是最重要的,地位上是超越其他因素的.这些因素比较的性质更强一点.

accept as 承认,接受为

【例句】The astronaut accepts danger as being part of the job.

宇航员承认他们的工作中包含着危险.

【总结】此短语中的as是介词,后跟名词,代词等.

act as

担任,充当

【例句】Maybe I can act as a messenger for you. 也许我能给你当信差.

起……作用

【例句】The forest will act as a defense against desert dust.
森林能起防御沙漠灰沙的作用.

【总结】此短语中的as是连词,引导一个省略了谓语的状语从句.

【词语辨析】act as和act like区别

act as:意思是"充当"、"担任",相当于serve
as,可与人或物词如:doctor、director、interpreter、guide、coach、teacher、go-between、furniture、tools等字搭配使用.as是连词,引导一个省略了谓语的状语从句.e.g.This
coin may act as a screwdriver. 这枚硬币可以充当螺丝起子用.

act like:意思是"行为像"、"举动像",相当于英语的to act in the manner
of,它常与人或动物名词连用.like是介词,其后接宾语.e.g.That child acts like a grown-up.
那个孩子的举动像成年人一样.

according as 根据,随……而定

【例句】Everyone contributes according as he is able. 每个人根据自己的能力作出贡献

【总结】according as 后接从句

according to

根据;按照

【例句】They divided themselves into three groups according to age.

他们按年龄分成三组.

取决于

【例句】We will go or we won't, according to circumstances.

我们或去或不去,都将视情况而定.

据……所载;据……所说

【例句】According to the Bible, Adam was the first man.

据《圣经》记载,亚当是人类始祖.

【总结】according to 后一般不接view(看法)和opinion(意见)这类词,也不接表示第一人称的代词(me, us).to
是介词,后接名词代词等.如:依我看,这部电影很不错.正:In my opinion, the film is wonderful. 误:According to
my opinion, the film is wonderful. 误:According to me, the film is wonderful.

【词语辨析】according as与according to的用法区别

(1)according as 根据,随……而定(后接从句).如:Everyone contributes according as he is
able. 每个人根据自己的能力作出贡献

(2)according to 根据,按照(主要引出状语).如:Everything went off according to plan.
一切都按照计划实现了.合乎,符合(主要引出表语).如:It is not according to his nature to give praise.
他本性不喜欢颂扬.

学位英语知识点复习资料汇总3:语态

一、语态的种类

语态是表示主语与谓语之间关系的一种形式。英语有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。

二、考查重点

(1)时态与语态的题通常结合在一起,尤其是被动语态,除了注意它的一般时态之外,还要注意它进行时态及完成时态的变化。如:

He told me that a highway was being built here.

他告诉我这里正在建造一条高速公路。

另外还需注意有些动词,其形式虽是主动,但具有被动的含义。

(2)当感官动词作系动词时,例如:

Good medicine tastes bitter.

良药苦口。

This material feels very soft.

这种衣料摸起来非常柔软。

(3)还有一些及物动词作不及物动词时,也可以表示被动含义,如:

This pen doesn't write well.

这支笔不好使。

此类动词不多,常见的有cut, lock, open, peel, read, sell, shut, wash, wear, write
等。

练习:

1. Last night,on his way home,he was ____________ on the head by something
hard.

A. striked B. stroke C. struck D. striken

2. “Did you say that our neighbor ________________ in the accident?”

A. badly hurt B. was badly hurted C. was badly hurt D. had badly hurted

3. While I ____________ my spectacles, I _____________ a pen.

A. was looking for … found B. was looking for … looked for

C. was finding … found D. was finding … looked for

4. If she doesn't tell him the truth now,he'll simply keep on asking her
until she __________.

A. does B. has done C. will do D. would do

5. While people may refer to television for up-to-the-minute news,it is
unlikely that television _______________ the newspaper completely.

A. replaced B. have replaced C. replace D. will replace

6. She ought to stop work. She has a headache because she ______________
too long.

A. has been reading B. had read C. is reading D. read

7. By the end of this month,we surely ____________ a satisfactory solution
to the problem.

A. will have found B. have found C. will be finding D. are finding

8. We ______________ our breakfast when an old man came to the door.

A. just have had B. had just had C. just had D. have just had

9. Our school ___________ for the summer at the end of June.

A. to be closed B. closing C. closes D. to close

10. Send for a doctor quickly. The old man __________.

A. will die B. is dying C. dies D. died

练习答案:

1-10 CCAAD AABCB

学位英语知识点复习资料汇总4:词汇与语法

Gene: Shall I open this window?

Jodie: ______

A. No, please do.

B. I'd rather you didn't.

C. Please open this window.

D. I'd rather you hadn't done it.

[答案]B

【精析】"Shall I open this
window?"的意思是:“我可以打开这个窗户吗?”选项B(我希望你不要那样)委婉地表示不同意。其他三项不合题意。

Bill: I used to want to be a professor.

Sam: But I always dreamed ______ a mayor.

A. to become

B. that I will become

C. of becoming

D. in becoming

[答案]C

【精析】dream of是固定搭配“梦想,梦见”。其他选项不符合惯用法。

Polly: ______

Lulu: Wonderful.

A. What's the film about?

B. How did you like the film?

C. What do you think of the film?

D. How about seeing a film?

[答案]C

【精析】选项A的意思是“这场电影是关于什么?”;选项B时态有错;选项D的意思是“看电影去怎么样?”;选项C“你认为这场电影怎么样?”符合题意。

Tammy: Someone is at the doctor.

Richard: ______

A. Who is he?

B. Who's it?

C. Who he is?

D. Who it is?

[答案]B

【精析】"Someone is at the doctor."的意思是:“有人在看医生。”Richard不知道是谁,因而问"Who is
it?"。对未知的人用it来代指。

Lance: Mary doesn't look well.

Lee: ______

A. Yes, she doesn't.

B. Yes, she isn't.

C. No, she doesn't.

D. No, she isn't.

[答案]C

【精析】"Mary doesn't look
well."的意思是:“玛丽看起来不舒服。”选项C意为“是的,她看起来是不好”。选项A和B本身搭配自相矛盾。选项D中"isn't"与题干中“doesn’t”不符。

Louise: Will 100 dollars be enough?

Jack: Another 50 ______.

A. will do

B. is fine

C. will

D. needs

[答案]A

【精析】Louise说:"Will 100 dollars be enough?"(100美元够了吗?)Jack回答说:“还需要50美元。”will
do的意思是“行,可以”。

学位英语知识点复习资料汇总5

第一,虚拟语气。它主要可分为以下情况:

A,表建议,要求,命令的动词,及与其相关的名词、形容词或分词,后面的从句中都要用should+动词原形作谓语,should可省略。

B,某些特殊的形容词,后面常跟虚拟语气。这一点要尤其注意。

C,wish后表示与现实相反的愿望时要用虚拟语气。

D,would rather后若加从句则要用过去式表示虚拟语气,也可以直接加do sth宁愿做…。

E,If引导的条件状语中,表示与现在情况相反的假设,表示与过去情况相反的假设时。

虚拟语气这个考点在近两年当中出现的考分这两年稍微偏高,这一点尤其大家要格外的关注一些。

第二,定语从句。

这次考试对定语从句的考察是重点考察关系词选择和非限定性定语从句。关系词的选择关键要从其在从句中担任着的成分决定的,而不是在主句中的。非限定性定语从句通常由逗号与修饰的名词相隔开,而且只能由which,who,whom,whose引导,其中which既可以指物,也可以指前面一整句话,这一点大家一定要注意。另外介词和上面的关键词连用构成符合关系词的情况也很多。

第三,反意疑问句。

可以有两点,句子本身含有否定意义的时候,比如seldom后面用肯定形式的反问。第二,考察祈使句的反问,对陈述部分是肯定句的祈使句。第三,I
think,I believe,I suppose等表示主观看法的句子,其反意疑问句由后面的宾语从句相对应。

第四,倒装句,倒装句一共有三项应该注意:

A,only后面加状语,并放于句首时,句子用倒装;而当其修饰其它成分时不倒装。

B,表示否定意义的副词或短语,如seldom,never,rarely,in no time.

C,注意Hardly/scarcely/barely had sb done…when这一句型,表示一——就…(as soon
as后不加倒装)

第五,主谓一致。

a,当主语后跟有with,together with,as well as,but ,except等短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。

b,表示时间,距离,金钱,速度等的数量词作主语时,通常将其看作是一个整体,为单数。

c,就近原则either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but
also…等结构作主语时,由第二个词后的名词决定谓语形式。

第六,强调句。

大家记住强调句的基本结构it is/was+强调部分that/who(人)+句子中其他成分。

大家记住这个结构之后,在这次考试当中它有可能在单选题当中占到两到四分。

第七,连词的辨析。

that:可引导同位语从句、表语从句、主语从句、宾语从句等;that在这些从句中无实际含义,也不担任任何成分。

So+形容词/副词that…such+(冠词或形容词)名词that,表示如此…以至于。

what:可引导名词性从句,并在从句中担任主语、宾语等。

wheher…or…/whether or no…是否…,if则无此用法。

by加表示过去的时间,则主句用过去完成时;加现在,则主句用现在完成时;加将来时间,则主句用将来完成时。

时间状语,条件状语还有某些让步状语中,不出现将来时,要用现在式表示将来时。

分辨一下表示因和果的连词,表示转折的连词,容易出选择题。

八,省略句

在一些时间,条件或让步状语从句中,当主句和从句的主语相同,而从句为主系结构时(即有be),可将从句主语和系动词一起省略。

九,现在分词作状语

A,在某些动词或词组后常用现在分词作状语,对前面内容进行补充。

B,还可表示时间状语。有时要用完成形式,表示动作已经在主句动作前先完成。

C,现在分词短语还可作原因状语。

D,有时还可表示伴随情况或方式。

E,注意在一些动词短语中to为介词,后加名词或动名词。