中考英语重点知识复习资料

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2021-03-15

中考即将进入复习阶段,怎样复习才能科学高效呢?一定抓住重点,夯实基础,突破难点,紧扣热点。下面是小编为大家整理的有关中考英语重点知识复习资料,希望对你们有帮助!

中考英语重点知识复习资料汇总1:直接引语怎样变为间接引语

窗体顶端直接引用别人原话,叫直接引语。用自己的话转述别人的话,叫间接引语。间接引语常用宾语从句表达。直接引语前后要用引号,间接引语不用引号。

He Said: "I have seen the film." 他说:"我已经看过这部_。"(直接引语)

He said that he had seen the film.  他说他已经看过这部_了。(间接引语)

怎样把直接引语改为间接引语?

1.根据意思改变人称。

如:They said, "We are busy now."  (直接引语)

They said that they were busy then.  (间接引语)

一般来说第三人称代词常常不变,第一人称一般变为第二人称。

2.若主句的谓语是过去时态,直接引语改为间接引语时,要调整时态。

直接引语          间接引语

现在时           过去时

过去时           过去完成时(少数不变)

现在完成时         过去完成时

现在进行时         过去进行时

一般将来时         过去将来时

过去完成时         不变

现在完成进行时      过去完成进行时

由上述内容可知,时态的变化都是由现在的某个时态而变成了达去的某个时态。要特别注意,客观真理以及过去完成时在改为间接引语时,不需作时态调整。
  3.指示代词,进间状语也要作调整。

直接引语              间接引语

this              that

these              those

now               then

today              that day

tonight             that night

tomorrow            the next (following) day(month, year)

yesterday            the day before

yesterday afternoon       the afternoon before

last year (month)      the year (month) before

ago               before

here              there

注:动词(come)也常变为go

4.若直接引语为陈述句,改为间接引语时,用连词that引导(口语中常省略),其它作相应的变化。

He said, "I've just got a letter from my sister."

He said he had just got a letter from his sister.

需要说明的是,若引号里是两句话,改为间接引语后,第二句前也要用that连接起来。

"He was here a few weeks ago, and he came again yesterday." she said.

She said that he had been there a few weeks before, and that he had come
again the day before.   5.若直接引语为一般疑问句(原为倒装语序),改为间接引语时要用陈述句的语序而且还要加连词if
或whether引出。注意whether后还可跟or或or nor ,但if
不能。Whether可用在介词后或带to的不定式前面,而if不能。但若宾语从句为否定句时,常用if而不用whether。

He asked, "Are you a teacher or a student?"

He asked me whether I was a teacher or a student.

注:如果主句中的谓语为said,改为间接引语时要用asked,无间接宾语,要适当加一个me,us,him等。如:

He said, " Are you ready?"

He asked me if I was ready.

6.若直接引语为特殊疑问句,间接引语就要使用疑问词引出,而且要用陈述句语序。

"What are you doing here?" the guard said to us.

The guard asked us what we were doing there.

7.当直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语要改为带复合宾语(宾语+宾语补足语)的句子,宾补用不定式表示。

即:ask (tell, order, beg, etc) someone (not) to do something。注意不要用said。

"Don't mention it again," the said to her husband.

She asked her husband not to mention it againUID303

中考英语重点知识复习资料汇总2:核心考点

考点1:forget的用法

a.区分:forget to do something和foeget doing something。

forget to do sth 忘记要去做某事。例如:Sorry,I forgot to bring the book.

forget doing sth 忘记以前曾经做过某事。例如:I forgot borrowing a book from you.

区分:forget与leave

forget侧重于忘记了人,事,物;leave侧重于留下,落下了信息,具体东西。

拓展:可以常考forget的用法来区分remember to do something和remember doing
something的用法。

考点2:enough的用法

a.enough +名词/名词+enough;adj/adv+enough.

b.too...to...与...enough to及so...that进行句型转换。

c.注意字母ou与gh的发音。

考点3:ready的用法

a.be ready to do something 准备去做某事 ;be ready for something 为某事做准备

同意短语:be prepared to/for.

考点4:“借”的用法

borrow “借入”,常用结构:borrow something from somebody.

lend “借出”,常用lend something to somebody或lend somebody something的结构。

keep为borrow的延续性动词。意为“保留”,后常跟for+一段时间。

考点5:五个“穿”用法

wear“穿着;戴着”,表示状态,宾语可以是衣帽,也可以是饰物、奖章等。例如:He is wearing blue pants
.他穿着蓝色的裤子。

put on“穿上、戴上”,强调“穿”“戴”的动作,后接衣服、鞋帽等。例如:Put on your heavy winter coat ,or you
will catch a cold.

be in 后接表示衣服或颜色的词,着重于服装的款式或颜色。例如:This is a picture of a young man in a
black coat.

have on的意思是“穿着,戴着”,例如:She will have on black pants and a gray shirt
tomorrow.明天她会穿一条黑色的长裤和一件灰色的衬衫。

dress的宾语通常是人,意思是“给……穿衣服”。另外,be dressed in 的意思是“穿着”,表示状态;dress
up的意思是“盛装打扮、乔装打扮”;get dressed意为“穿衣”。

考点6:四个“看”

look意为“看”,为不及物动词,不跟宾语。若跟宾语,则用 look at.

read意为“读”,后跟杂志,报纸,书籍等。

watch= look at sb./ sth. carefully"仔细观看,注视"。后常跟比赛,电影等。

see意为“看见”,表结果。

notice有"注意到,提醒别人注意"等意思,汉语中常有"通知、启示、告示"之意。

考点7:区分:too much,too many,much too

too much:意思是“太多的...”,用于修饰不可数名词,如;too much water,too much time等。

too many:意思也是“太多的...”,用于修饰可数名词复数,如too many pens,too many books等。

much too:意思是“非常,太”,用于修饰形容词或副词,如much too big,much too long等。

重要结构:

what/how about用于反问:what about you?;也可以用于征求意见:What about go shopping?

had better+动词原形。

怎么了:What's the matter with you?=What's wrong with you?=What's the trouble
with you?=What happed to you?,口语还可以用What's up?

到...什么时间了:it is time to...;it is time for...

Would you like...?

问价格的两种表达:How much...?;What's the price of...?

be的用法

人称代词和物主代词

have的用法

名词的复数形式

可数名词与不可数名词

一般现在时